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In-depth Life Cycle Cost Analysis of a Hydrogen Electric Multiple Unit
This paper analyses the life cycle costs of railway projects involving hydrogen electric multiple units. The analysis focuses on the interrelation between the selected lithium-ion battery technology, the designed energy ...
Cost-effectiveness of Opportunity Charging in Non-electrified Railway Lines
This paper analyses the cost-effectiveness of deploying opportunity charging points in long-distance non-electrified railway lines, which are driven by battery-based hybrid diesel-electric railway vehicles. A study case ...